A series of auctions dedicated to the sale of “mini casino” permits in Pennsylvania begins this week, with an inaugural bargaining session for the first of ten potential licenses scheduled to take place on Wednesday morning.
Ten land-based Category 1 and Category 2 casinos that currently operate within Pennsylvania’s borders will be allowed to participate in tomorrow’s bidding process in Harrisburg while resort properties Lady Luck and Valley Forge are ineligible until a potential second round of auctions begin later this year.
A minimum amount of $7.5 million for each permit has been established by the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board
, which means the state could be guaranteed as much as $75 million in up-front satellite casino
revenue between now and May 16th
— when the final Round 1 auction will be held.
Pennsylvania satellite casinos: the particulars
As defined by recent statewide legislation
signed into law by Gov. Tom Wolf
, a Category 4 gambling establishment (satellite casino) will be allowed to house between 300-750 slot machine terminals
along with a maximum of 30 table games
during its first year of operation.
By law, the mini casino cannot be placed within a 25-mile radius
of an existing casino unless that property is operated by the corresponding auction’s winner. For a clear picture of how this stipulation effectively cuts off the entire eastern border from hosting a Pennsylvania mini casino, consult this map
Six counties in Pennsylvania are prohibited from hosting Category 4 casinos:
- Wayne and Pike (northeastern PA inbound from I-84 New Jersey — both jurisdictions share a border with Monroe County, which is home to Mount Airy Casino and in close proximity to Mohegan Sun and Sands).
- Carbon (west of Monroe and Northampton counties, which host the Mount Airy and Sands casinos).
- Fayette and Armstrong (located south and northeast respectively of Rivers Casino Pittsburgh and The Meadows). Lady Luck Casino is established within Fayette County along U.S. Route 40.
- Montgomery (north and northwest of Delaware and Philadelphia counties — home of Harrah’s, Valley Forge, SugarHouse and Parx casinos).
It is also worth noting that cities and towns across the state have had mixed feelings about hosting mini casinos, and approximately 40% of all Pennsylvania municipalities (1,017 out of 2,560) have opted-out, including Philadelphia.
How is an auction for a PA satellite casino won?
Tomorrow’s opening auction requires a representative of each casino to submit a singular bid to the Board along with the exact geographical location, county and township of the company’s satellite casino property via two sealed envelopes.
The highest bid will be announced publicly by the PGCB, at which point the first mini casino site will be revealed. Losing bids along with their locations will be safeguarded by the Board to ensure a competitive process throughout with a subsequent auction taking place early next month.
The winner of tomorrow’s bidding process will not participate in any Round 1 auctions that follow, but could still obtain additional licenses if all ten permits are not awarded due to lack of interest by the ten racetrack or stand-alone casinos. In that case, a second round of auctions would be held before September to include resort properties Lady Luck and Valley Forge.
Satellite casino license winners will have up to six months to submit an application for a Category 4 license and could be in operation before the 2018 calendar year ends.
Measuring the impact of satellite casinos
The first few Category 4 licenses that are won should possess greater value than those that are awarded in later auctions since each competitor will be dealing with more complete information as each auction concludes.
Judging by official numbers released by the PGCB, slot machine terminals bring in roughly $100 in daily revenue each for existing casinos after taxes (but before payroll, overhead expenditures and customer retention costs), so it will likely take years before either mini casino property is able to turn an actual profit on the minimum $7.5 million fee investment.
Although it is difficult to predict outright winners in the mini casino permit process until the first few Category 4 licenses have been awarded, the Hollywood Casino
near Harrisburg — operated by Penn National
— appears to be a clear loser. The racetrack property has benefited greatly from its geographical separation from competing casinos since opening its doors in 2008 — primarily serving a rural central PA market. Yet it enjoys the fewest protective restrictions
under new Pennsylvania gaming laws
However, a recent merger
between Penn National and Pinnacle Entertainment
(operator of The Meadows racetrack/casino in western PA) could place the two companies in a much better position to influence the Category 4 licensing process and prevent rivals from creating a mini casino “noose” surrounding the Hollywood property.
More information regarding Category 4 “winners” and “losers” will be available in upcoming months as the chess pieces are arranged following each auction.
Auction process to be streaming live on Wednesday
auction will be broadcast live
to the public via the official Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board website and can be viewed here
starting at 10:00am
PennBets will provide follow-up news coverage and analysis following the conclusion of Wednesday’s auction.